<![CDATA[KidSenz - News for kids - MISC. IN DEPTH ]]>Sat, 05 Dec 2015 13:39:21 -0800Weebly<![CDATA[Diwali - Festival of Lights]]>Wed, 18 Nov 2015 18:43:20 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/diwali-festival-of-lightsDiwali or Deepawali is a Hindu festival celebrated in Autumn between mid October and mid November. It is celebrated during the Hindu month of Kartika on the night of no moon. Diwali is a very important festival for Hindus, and it signifies the victory of good over evil.

One story from Indian mythology, is that Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya on this day after defeating the ten-headed evil Ravana. Rama reached Ayodhya with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman to his beloved subjects on the night of no moon, also called Amavasya, when it was completely dark and it was difficult for them to find their way. (There were no street lights at that time)
The people of Ayodhya lit oil lamps in earthen pots known as “diyas” and led their way with fireworks. This brightened up the night and Lord Rama, Sita and Lakshman could find their way home. Since then, this day is celebrated as “Diwali” - “The Festival of Lights”.

Another story is that of Lord Krishna and his wife vanquishing a demon Naraka that was terrorizing people everywhere. And yes, it was a night of no moon too, and people welcomed Lord Krishna home with lighted Diyas.

This day is considered special to the goddess of knowledge, talent, health and prosperity, Goddess Lakshmi - people welcome her into their homes with a special prayer. They light a small earthenware oil lamp which keeps burning throughout the night. It symbolises the victory of the light of goodness and knowledge, over the darkness of evil and ignorance.  Most people get their homes painted, and do their spring cleaning around Diwali to invite Goddess Lakhmi to visit the clean, well lit homes. Want your kids to clean their rooms? Tell them that the goddess likes visiting only clean and well lit homes :)

This is a day of festivities, for everyone - children and grownups dress in fine clothes, and decorate their homes with “Diyas” and Rangoli of colorful designs on floors, visit family and friends, and exchange gifts, sweets, and dry fruits...Yum

The grande finale to the Diwali festivities is for kids and adults to burn firecrackers - sparklers and other fireworks light up the night sky.

This year Diwali is being celebrated on November 11. Wish you a happy Diwali! ​]]>
<![CDATA[Honey Bees are Dying!]]>Tue, 02 Jun 2015 20:40:49 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/honey-bees-are-dying
What is going on with the Honey Bee Colonies Worldwide? Honeybees are consistently exposed to numerous threats like pests, parasites, bacterial diseases, fungal diseases, viral diseases and pesticides. Now honeybees are facing an even greater risk with what is being called the Colony Collapse Disorder or CCD. CCD is a phenomenon in which worker bees of an entire European (honey bee) colony disappears abruptly. European or Western honey bees are a species of honey bee that help pollinate agricultural crops.

The disappearance of colonies is not new to apiculture. What is Apiculture? Simply put it is the raising and maintenance of honey bee colonies by humans to collect honey. Previously these “disappearances” of colonies were known by various names like disappearing disease, spring dwindle, May disease, autumn collapse, and fall dwindle disease. It was renamed “colony collapse disorder” or CCD in late 2006 when a drastic increase was seen in the number of disappearances of Western honey bee colonies in North America. European beekeepers observed a similar phenomena in Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Similar reporting has also come in from Switzerland and Germany and Northern Ireland.

Why is this a cause of worry?

The impact honeybees have on the human population and the environment is far more crucial than we may think. Agricultural crops rely on honeybees worldwide for pollination that is necessary for plants to give fruits and guarantee reproduction. In fact, bees facilitate pollination for most plant life, including well over 100 different vegetable and fruit crops. Without bees, there would be significantly less pollination, which would result in limited plant growth and lower food supplies.

So, this would affect food production everywhere!

According to the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department of the United Nations, the worth of global crops was estimated at $200 Billion in 2005. With colony collapse disorder this will severely impact crop pollination and farmers would have to spend a significant amount of money to artificially cross pollinate.

What Are Scientists Doing to Help?
Scientists are not exactly sure of the exact cause of CCD death because there are no bee bodies to examine. They have been working overtime to determine the cause of CCD. Recently, a Harvard biologist published a study directly linking the pesticide imidacloprid. Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide that protects plants from insects by killing insects by acting on the insect's central nervous system. Still the consensus is that multiple factors are to blame. Scientists are also looking at ways to improve the health of honey bees as a potential solution.

How can we help? 

We can all help by simply planting bee-attracting flowers, sponsoring honeybee research, or by even by becoming a beekeeper. Checkout a local beekeepers' association to learn about the care and keeping of honeybees - perhaps you will find a new hobby of beekeeping while helping combat CCD?

<![CDATA[Earth Hour - The Lights Are Out]]>Sat, 21 Mar 2015 05:35:25 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/earth-hour-the-lights-are-out
Hundreds of millions of people in thousands of cities around the world participate in Earth Hour. Earth Hour as the name suggests lasts for exactly one hour from 8:30pm to 9:30pm local time.

It is a worldwide event organized by the World Wide Fund of Nature and is observed every year in the month of March. Earth Hour encourages households and businesses to turn off their lights for 1 hour in an effort to raise awareness about the need to take action on climate change, conservation and on improving our environment.

The severe weather patterns seen in recent years are being  attributed to climate change. Something needs to be done to slow down climate change. This is necessary earth to be inhabitable by future generations. The WWF (The World Wide Fund of Nature) helps  run projects to raise awareness about conservation, the environment and climate change so that we all can make a difference.  Earth hour is a worldwide effort to bring focus to these issues.

Earth Hour first took place in 2007, in Sydney, Australia and had over 2.2 million people participate in it, by turning off their lights.

Following Sydney's lead,  many other cities around the world adopted Earth Hour. Today, more than 150 countries across the world participate.

Thanks to  efforts like these, there is growing awareness to conserve and protect our environment.
People can participate in Earth Hour and other efforts beyond that to save the planet. They can collaborate on projects with the WWF or Earth Hour in addition to making lifestyle changes to conserve and save the environment.

Gem words:
collaborate - work jointly on activity or project
conservation -  to protect animals, fungi, plants and their habitats
habitat - natural home
inhabitable - suitable to live in

<![CDATA[Holi - The Festival of Colors]]>Fri, 06 Mar 2015 19:19:05 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/holi-the-festival-of-colors
Holi, also known as the festival of colors, is an Indian festival celebrated by many around the world. Holi celebrates many things - the arrival of spring, the victory of good over evil, as well as certain events from Hindu mythology.

Quick fact: Hinduism is the third most popular religion in the world and is practiced by the majority of Indians around the world.

The festival of Holi is especially popular with kids because it involves showering colored powder and water on one another. Yes - showering one another with colored water! The lighting of a bonfire, singing and dancing, meeting friends, a feast of food and sweets are also part of Holi celebrations.

When is Holi celebrated?
The day when Holi is celebrated is set according to the traditional Hindu calendar, which is different from the Gregorian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that we follow today, consisting of months from January to December. The Hindu calendar, on the other hand, is based on the movements of the moon. So...according to this, Holi is celebrated on the last full moon day of a month called “Phalguna”, and it usually falls in the months of February or March. The exact date differs each year, because when following the moon’s cycles, each month is 29.5 days and a year is 354 days - not 365 days like in the Gregorian calendar!

There are many intriguing stories around the celebrations of Holi - Let’s take a look!
The legend of Holika
One of the legends of Holi is about an evil king named Hiranya Kashipu who was granted special powers that made him indestructible. He became arrogant and commanded his kingdom to worship him. His son, Prahlad, however, refused to do so and instead worshipped his favorite God, Vishnu. This angered Hiranya Kashipu and he ordered his sister, named Holika, to sit on a bonfire pyre* with Prahlad. (You see, Holika had a special shawl that could protect her from fires). However, when the pyre was lit, Prahlad prayed to God and it was Prahlad that was protected, while Holika died. It was a victory of good over evil.  

This legend led to the custom of burning a bonfire the night before Holi, to celebrate this victory of good over evil.

The arrival of spring:
The festival of Holi also signifies the end of winter and arrival of spring. Farmers celebrate the harvesting of the winter crop, and pray for a bountiful harvest in spring. The bonfire celebration has significance for farmers as it can help to renew the land so that crops can begin to grow again. The colors used to celebrate Holi also remind us of colorful spring flowers in bloom.

The legend of Krishna-Radha
Another story of this festival is about the famous   God Krishna.(This one is also my favorite story). Krishna had dark skin, while his friend, Radha, had fair skin. When Krishna complained to his mother about this difference in skin color, she told him to put any color that he would like on Radha’s cheeks. This led to the playful throwing of color between Krishna, Radha, and Radha’s friends, called the “gopikas” or cow-herd girls. 

Over time, the story led to the custom of showering colors on others as a symbol of friendship.

Some interesting facts about the colors of Holi:

Traditionally, colors are from dried flowers, roots, leaves and flour. After a spate* of using chemical colors that lowered costs, there is a new effort to go back to natural colors that are good for the environment and people’s health.

People like to wear light colored clothes when they play holi so they can show off a mixed palette of colors!
The apply color on friends’ cheeks as a welcome gesture and enjoy throwing colored water on them in jest. 

Have you ever played Holi?

<![CDATA[Super Bowl 2015]]>Wed, 21 Jan 2015 17:43:20 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/super-bowl-2015

Super bowl XLIX is around the corner. This game will determine the NFL champion for this year. The National Football League, or the NFL, is the highest level of professional American football in the United States. It is considered to be the top professional American football league in the world.  

The NFL has 32 teams and are part of two conferences:
The NFC or the National Football Conference and the AFC or the American Football Conference with 16 teams each.

These teams are further divided into 4 divisions: North, South, East and West

Each of these conferences has playoffs that determine the conference champion at the end of the regular season. The NFC and the AFC champions then play against each other in the the NFL's championship game at the Super bowl.

Some fun facts about the NFL:
  • The perimeter of an NFL football field is 300 feet or 100 yards long, and 160 feet or 53 1/3 yards wide, so the perimeter is 920 feet or 306 2/3 yards.
  • Close to 600 cows are used to manufacture a full season's worth of NFL footballs. All of these footballs are manufactured at ONE factory in a town called Ada, Ohio! The Wilson Sporting Goods Company has been the official football supplier for the National Football League since 1941, and 150 workers at the plant in Ada construct 700,000 regulation-sized footballs BY HAND each year.
  • When former NFL quarterback Kurt Warner dines out with his family, he always anonymously picks up the bill for one other table. 
  • The longest field goal in NFL history was kicked by a man who had only half a foot! In 1970, a man named Tom Dempsey, a 22-year-old kicker for the New Orleans Saints surprised the nation with a  field goal and took team to an unlikely victory. He was born without four fingers on his right hand and only half of a foot for his right foot.  
  • Deion Sanders is a natural athlete! He is the only player to play for both the MLB and NFL, hitting a home run for New York Yankees and complete a touchdown in the NFL for Atlanta Falcons all in the same week. He's also the only player to play in the MLB (Major League Baseball)  World Series and the Super Bowl.  
  • The shortest player to play in the NFL since 1990 is Trindon Holliday, who at 5' 5" is a receiver and spends most of his time as a return specialist. His small frame gives him the dynamic speed and agility to elude the considerably larger players on the field.
  • Drew Brees is the highest paid player in the NFL 2014. His total income is $51 million dollars. 40 million dollars is his salary and the 11 million dollars comes from endorsements. He is an American football quarterback for the New Orleans Saints.
  • The American Sports industry is worth $422 billion and employs 1% of the US population! 
  • The average NFL salary is approximately $2 million.
  • The minimum or the starting salary for NFL rookies is $285,000
  • The Arizona Cardinals was the first NFL team.
  • The NFL teams with the best record are: The Pittsburgh Steelers with the most wins, and the Dallas Cowboys who have the best winning percentage.
  • The coldest NFL game ever played: The NFL game between the Green Bay Packers and SF 49ers on January 3, 2014 was played at  Green Bay Packers' Lambeau Field in Wisconsin at a temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit and as low as minus 14 (-14) with the windchill!. It broke the NFL record for the coldest game ever played! 

The Super bowl this year, will be played on February 1st, 2015, at the University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, Arizona.

The NFC champions, the Seattle Seahawks, play against the AFC champions, The New England Patriots
Who are you rooting for?

Gem words:
conference: an association of sports teams that play each other
elude: to dodge or escape from
co-host: a joint host
<![CDATA[test_mag]]>Sat, 03 Jan 2015 05:27:44 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/test_mag

Alternate style

<![CDATA[Norse Christmas]]>Fri, 19 Dec 2014 21:07:00 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/norse-christmas
We learnt about the real person who lived a long time ago and became known as Santa Claus. But what if Santa Claus - Saint Nicholas had never lived? Would we still have what we now call Christmas?

I think we probably would. Just think of all the things that make Christmas the holiday it is. What are the things that one can think of that are part of Christmas ( other than Santa Claus, the North Pole, the elves, and Reindeer)?

  • Christmas cards
  • Christmas presents
  • Christmas carols
  • Christmas trees
  • Snow
  • Lights
  • Yule log

Why is this?

In that part of the world where the winters were dark, cold, and very long, our ancient ancestors suffered mightily trying to stay warm and like most humans, missed the warm sunshine. So to help fight off the sadness and suffering of these long, cold winter nights, Our Western ancestors many, many, thousands of years ago started having festivals of light to conquer the darkness. Entire villages would gather round huge bonfires and sign songs, tell stories, exchange presents, and eat lots of goodies – like cakes, pies, and cookies. Sure they probably knew these were bad for them, but when you were afraid that you wouldn’t live to see another spring thaw, you tended not to care.  These parties became popular during the darkest part of the winter – when the sun shone the least. This is known as the Winter Solstice – the shortest day of the solar year. So rather than hide under their covers shivering from the frost, Westerners gathered together around their big fires.   

Over the years, in cold winter places like in Germany, small evergreen trees were cut down and brought indoors to be decorated with candles so the light would stay on after the bonfires went out. The evergreen trees were a symbol of eternal life – and they smelled good. They made the people feel safe and happy.

By the time the Christians came along, Northern Europe had been celebrating the Winter Solstice for a very long time. The festivals had become so popular that these hardy souls living on the edge of civilization actually looked forward to the cold and the snow. Well, the snow anyway. Not only did they have parties that went on for days centered around the Solstice which falls around Dec 21st, but they learned to extend the celebrations so that as soon as it started snowing, they started partying. They learned to ski and sled and do all the winter sports. The Christians knew they couldn’t replace the Winter Solstice with celebrating the birth of Jesus (which actually was in August), so they just updated the celebration to be about the birth of Jesus rather than the death of light. Pretty clever. It worked. So for the past two thousand years, Christians, who converted virtually all of the people of the North, the Norsemen, and the Germans, and the Russians…they also added songs, and the idea of a holiday – a holy day - to remember that Jesus was born and that the celebration had a deeper meaning than just keeping warm, eating lots of sugary treats, and spending money on presents.

So as the days get shorter in the Northern Hemisphere where a lot of the world’s population is based, and the weather gets cold, remember that our ancestors didn’t know about the Baby Jesus, but in their own way, they celebrated hope and life, light and warmth.  We do know about the Baby Jesus and we have the whole story of how he changed the world for the better, and we have whole new reasons for believing in the good of mankind.  But Christmas time isn’t just for Christians. It’s about giving and loving and hoping– regardless of your religious beliefs.
<![CDATA[Ebola - Get The Facts]]>Tue, 11 Nov 2014 06:37:33 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/ebola-get-the-facts

Ebola is a disease of humans and other primates caused by Ebola viruses. There are various strains of Ebola and the current strain of Ebola has been the most widespread ever.  The survival rate of people infected with Ebola is about 50%. The outbreak is ongoing in the West African nations of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. A total of  9,693 suspected cases resulting in the deaths of 4,811 have been reported so far. Nigeria had a few cases but has successfully contained its spread. There were a few cases reported in the US and Spain which have caused strict measures to be imposed on travelers and health workers returning from the affected countries in West Africa.

Signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches. Vomiting and diarrhea usually follows, along with decreased function of the liver and kidneys.

The virus is transmitted by contact with blood or other body fluids of an infected person or other animal. No specific treatment for the disease is available yet but several are in trial. Efforts are under way to develop a vaccine.

<![CDATA[A Report on Iraq ]]>Mon, 18 Aug 2014 18:36:10 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/a-report-on-iraqby Maya Ram
How did Iraq descend into chaos so quickly? Should the US and allies send troops back to Iraq?
Let's understand Iraq's history and the various drivers to answer these questions.

Ancient History:
The birthplace of one of the most ancient and precious civilizations in history, Babylonia, is located in the Mesopotamian valley in Iraq. Using tablets of clay, writing was first developed here along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Additionally, the first advanced governmental systems were formed here. Iraq can truly be said to be one of the cradles of human civilization.

Ottoman History:
Between 1534 and 1918, Iraq was occupied by the Ottoman Empire of Turkey. A conflict between two denominations of Islam, Shia and Sunni, first began when the Safavid Empire, known today as Iran, was declared a Shia Islam state while the Ottoman-controlled Iraq was declared a Sunni state. The Ottoman and Safavid empires fought several battles to take control of Iraq. Every time the power shifted, control was given to either the Sunnis or the Shias, creating a rift between the Shia and Sunni populations of Iraq that continued for years. To add to the confusion, Iraq also had several rebellious tribal domains that grew into political centers. While Iraq was in this chaotic state of affairs, trying to figure out the distribution of power, World War I broke out in Europe.

At the end of the first world war, the British made the situation in Iraq even more complicated. Britain broke up the Ottoman empire into separate areas controlled by France and Britain, and also created the new state of Israel. Iraq was controlled by Britain. The Iraqi people didn’t like having their land split up arbitrarily, and in May and June 1920 the Sunni and Shia tribes united to revolt against the British. Iraq became an independent country. Soon after, oil was discovered in the region, making Europe and the West want a stable, friendly government who would export oil to their countries. All of these complex factors added to the social conflicts and confusion in Iraq.

Late 20th century Iraq:
As Iraq adjusted to being an independent nation, there were several military coups and changes of political leadership. In 1980, Saddam Hussein, one of the worst dictators in history, was elected president. Under his rule, the wealthy Sunni Arab elites in Baghdad were given most of the power, which continued the fight between the Sunni and Shias. This resulted in a major war with Iran from 1980 - 1988.

Under the leadership of Saddam Hussein, Iraq was responsible for thousands of deaths. Saddam alienated the indigenous Kurdish people in the country and attacked Kuwait in 1990, resulting in the first Gulf War, known as Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm where US troops were sent to protect Kuwait.

In response to the attack on Kuwait, the United Nations launched a series of sanctions, including a near-complete financial and trade embargo. The UN limited what Iraq could export and import in order to force Iraq to return Kuwait and get rid of any weapons of mass destruction. These sanctions created a tough economic situation in Iraq, and many of the Iraqi people suffered from the lack of medical supplies, food, and clean water. However, on an official level, the sanctions were mostly successful in limiting the development of Iraqi weapons.

In 2003, however, the U.S. and Britain believed that Iraq posed a major threat to the world. They thoug ht Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, such as nuclear weapons, and were prepared to use them. The 2003 Iraq war under the U.S. leadership of George Bush began in order to disarm Iraq of the weapons of mass destruction, end Saddam Hussein’s dictatorship and terrorist activities, and free the Iraqi people. Saddam was removed and executed, and U.S. occupation began to help restore order in the region.

In 2011, President Obama pulled the U.S. forces out of Iraq after the establishment of a democratically elected Shia majority government. Unfortunately, the government turned out to be corrupt and excluded the Sunnis, leading to further chaos in Iraq.

Present Day:
Today, there is a new threat to stability in Iraq. A new and extreme Sunni terrorist organization called ISIS has  grown out of the radical Sunni terrorist group Al-Qaeda, which was responsible for the 9/11 attacks in the United States. The ISIS gained the support of several of the tribes and leaders in Iraq and is capturing and terrorising many cities. They have recently announced that they will establish a new Islamic state with strict religious laws in the areas that they control. The world is concerned and worried about where this will lead, since the ISIS is extremely violent and currently controls oil fields in Syria, which gives them a lot of money to conduct their illegal activities.

Think About It:
As a result, an area which once was a place of learning and civilization is now an area caught between rival militant terrorist factions, facing a lot of corruption and danger. In light of what you have learned so far, do you think the world should intervene to protect democracy in Iraq? Who should be responsible for this intervention? Do you think that the American and Allied lives lost over the last several years have been for naught?

<![CDATA[Ramadan and Eid ul-Fitr]]>Tue, 29 Jul 2014 06:01:32 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/misc-in-depth/ramadan-and-eid-ul-fitr
Ramadan falls in the ninth month of the twelve month Islamic calendar and is celebrated by 1 billion muslims worldwide. It is preceded by the month of Shaban (the 8th month of the Islamic calendar) and succeeded by the month of Shawwal (10th month of the islamic calendar).

The history behind Ramadan.
Ramadan makes up "The Five Pillars" of Islam. The 5 pillars are:
  • Observing Sawm (complete fasting) during the Holy month of Ramadan
  • Payment of Zakat (charity) during Ramadan
  • Performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) in Mecca at least once in a lifetime
  • Reciting the Shahadah (profession of faith)
  • Performing Salah (ritual prayers, five times a day)

The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from God. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Quranic chapters are called suras and verses are called ayahs.

Muslims believe that the Quran was verbally revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad, the Muslims' spiritual leader (or who the Muslims believe is a messenger of God).  The Qur'an was verbally revealed from God to the Prophet during the month of Ramadan, on the night known as Lailut ul-Qadr ('The Night of Power').

As mentioned before, Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar follows the Lunar Calendar, which means that the months follows the cycles of the moon. The Islamic calendar is also 355 days long unlike the Western solar calendar which is 365 long. So, unlike a holiday like Christmas (which falls on the same date every year) Ramadan begins on a different date each year.

Who observes Ramadan?
Ramadan is one of the jolliest Month for Muslims. It is a season of fasting and learning to give, that ends with the festivities of 'Eid ul Fitr' (or Eid al-Fitr) as the reward. Eid involves feasts with friends, fancy clothes and festivities. Everyone loves the festivities of Eid and the journey through Ramadan to get to Eid. 

Anyone,  twelve years  and older can observe a fast from dawn to dusk. No food is eaten during the fast and they do not even drink any water.  In addition, no smoking, gossiping or saying anything malicious against another person is allowed.

Fasting is intended to help teach Muslims self-discipline, self-restraint and generosity. It reminds them of the suffering of the poor, who rarely get to eat well. It is common to have one meal (known as the suhoor), just before sunrise and another (known as the iftar), directly after sunset.

Although not required, some observers even manage to stop swallowing their own saliva during the fasting hours of Ramada! Can you imagine the dedication that would take?

Ramadan is the month of good deeds and charitable activities. In addition many Muslims attempt to read the entire Qur'an at least once during the Ramadan period. There are also special services in mosques during which the Qur'an is read.

Because Ramadan is a time to spend with friends and family, the fast is typically broken by families coming together to share in an evening meal.

Can younger children fast?

Yes they can, and in fact many even kids as young as four or five, are encouraged to fast for a few hours a day during Ramadan, to help them begin to appreciate the significance of the Holy month. As they get a little older, most families encourage their children under 12 to fast for half a day, until they reach twelve years old, when many kids start fasting for the complete dawn to dusk period. Interestingly, many who are approaching twelve look forward to being old enough to fast for the full day!  They feel like little adults.

End of Ramadan and Eid-ul-Fitr (or Eid al-Fitr)
The end of Ramadan is marked by a big celebration with 'Eid-ul-Fitr', the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast.

Wherever a Muslim lives, be it in one of the Middle East countries, in Indonesia (the country with the world's largest Muslim population), or even in London, Paris or Dearborn, Michigan, they start their end of Ramadan celebrations by going to the mosque for special congregational prayers to give thanks to God.

At Eid, people dress in their finest clothes, adorn their homes with lights and decorations, give treats to children, and enjoy visiting friends. A sense of generosity, charity, gratitude and happiness fill the air during the month of Ramadhan. These celebrations of Eid-ul-Fitr' makes Ramadab abs Eid one if the jolliest festivals.