<![CDATA[KidSenz - News for kids - May]]>Sat, 05 Dec 2015 13:58:06 -0800Weebly<![CDATA[Cricket - a favorite sport worldwide]]>Thu, 13 Jun 2013 06:20:32 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/may/cricket-a-favorite-sport-worldwide

Cricket is a very popular team sport played in many countries around the world. It is played with a bat and a ball, between two teams made up of 11 players and is one of the highest scoring games!

The game is very popular in England and previous British colonies. It continues to be played in England, Australia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and many others countries.

A brief description:
The game is played on a “cricket field” which has a rectangular 22-yard long strip called a “pitch” at its centre. The end of the pitch is demarcated with 3 sticks called wickets.

Each team takes a turn to bat, with the goal to make as many runs as possible, while the other team “fields” to prevent the batting team from making those runs. The game is moderated by an umpire like most games and each team has a captain.

An over is a set of six balls bowled from one end of a cricket pitch by a bowler. After the bowler bowls six bowls, the umpire declares the end of the 'over'; The fielding team rearranges itself, and a new bowler bowls from the opposite end of the pitch to the second batsmen.

The captain of the fielding team decides which bowler bowls a given over, and no bowler can bowl two consecutive overs.

Types of Cricket:
There are 3 main types of Cricket formats. Each form has several tournaments and trophies that countries around the world compete for. The 3 formats are:
  • Test Cricket that takes up to 5 days to finish and has 90 overs and 2 turns per team.
  • One Day Internationals (ODIs), that finish in one day and has 50 overs per team. When ODIs started in the 70s, they had 60 overs per team but eventually 50 overs seemed optimal.
  • And, more recently, the very popular Twenty20 Internationals which as the name indicates has only 20 overs per team instead of the 50 overs in an ODI. The minimum number of overs in case of rain or other interruptions is just 5 overs per team! There are several leagues that has teams made up of players from across the globe. This fast paced game is played in under 3 hours and has become very popular since it was introduced in 2003.

On April 3rd, 2013 The Indian Premier League also known as IPL commenced its 6th season. IPL is a professional league for Twenty20 cricket championship in India. It was contested by nine teams, consisting of players from around the cricketing world. The nine teams that played are Kolkota Knight Riders, Sunrisers Hyderabad, Royal Challengers Bangalore, Pune Warriors, Rajasthan Royals, Chennai Super Kings, Kings XI Punjab, Delhi Daredevils and Mumbai Indians. They played approximately 76 matches in all in this tournament. In the Finals held on May 26th in Kolkata, India,  the Mumbai Indians beat the Chennai Super Kings by 23 runs. The entire team along with their veteran team-mate Sachin Tendulkar celebrated the Winners Trophy!

Gem Words
umpire - moderator and enforces of the rules

pitch - 22 yard long rectangular strip at the centre of a cricket field

<![CDATA[Bugs as an Alternative Food Source]]>Fri, 31 May 2013 17:52:12 GMThttp://www.kidsenz.com/may/bugs-as-an-alternative-food-sourcePicture
What would you do if your family sat down to dinner with a main course of insects?  Would you dig in?  Or would you turn up your nose and go to bed hungry?  

Well, if you chose to stuff your face full of insects you would be following the latest dietary recommendation from the United Nations, which is to consume more insects.  Insects are packed with protein, fiber, good fats, and vital minerals -- much more than other food sources.  For example, the larval* form of darkling beetle, mealworms, provide protein, vitamins, and minerals equal to those found in fish and meat.  Another healthy treat is small grasshoppers, which ranks on par with lean ground beef in protein content, but with less fat per gram.  So, would you hesitate to eat a grasshopper taco?  I imagine it having more crunch!

Another bonus is that raising and harvesting insects requires much less land than raising cows, pigs, and sheep.  Insects also require much less food, which means that they convert food into protein much more efficiently than livestock*.  Last, they emit considerably fewer greenhouse gases than livestock -- think hundreds of gassy cows in a field.

Which bug is best?
So what insects are the best to eat?  Well, it depends on what you’re in the mood for!  Ants are sweet and nutty; stinkbugs have an apple flavor; red agave worms are spicy; and a bite of tree-worm apparently brings pork to mind.  

Butterflies and moths are succulent and full of protein and iron while in their larval* and pupal* stages.  They are popular in African countries, and are an excellent supplement for children and pregnant women who may be deficient in these nutrients.  Red agave worms live between the leaves of an agave plant and turn into butterflies.  Just like we hunt deer in the Fall so that they don’t overpopulate, harvesting red agave worms could also help protect them from overharvesting.  So, harvesting and consuming them is a great way to help protect the balance of the ecosystem in that area.

Bees and wasps are known for their honey, but indigenous people in Africa, Asia, Australia, South America, and
Mexico commonly eat them in their immature stages.  Stingless bees are most commonly munched, and second are wasps.  Bees still in egg, larval, or pupal form that are found tucked away in hive cells are called “bee brood” and taste like peanuts or almonds.  Wasps are known to have a pine-nutty flavor.

Finally, could you imagine catching a fly or mosquito out of the air and eating it?  Even though they are not as popular as the others -- including edible termites and, yes, lice -- flies develop various types of cheese take on the flavor!  With this in mind, species that develop in water habitats may taste like duck or fish.

Gem Words
Larval stage: Newly hatched, wingless, and often worm-like form of insects
Pupal stage: Follows the larval stage, and comes before the adult stage
Livestock: Domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce food, fiber, and labor; and are raised for profit
Indigenous: Native in a given region or ecosystem with no human intervention and is still in it’s natural state