Cricket is a very popular team sport played in many countries around the world. It is played with a bat and a ball, between two teams made up of 11 players and is one of the highest scoring games!
The game is very popular in England and previous British colonies. It continues to be played in England, Australia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and many others countries.
A brief description:
The game is played on a “cricket field” which has a rectangular 22-yard long strip called a “pitch” at its centre. The end of the pitch is demarcated with 3 sticks called wickets.
Each team takes a turn to bat, with the goal to make as many runs as possible, while the other team “fields” to prevent the batting team from making those runs. The game is moderated by an umpire like most games and each team has a captain.
An over is a set of six balls bowled from one end of a cricket pitch by a bowler. After the bowler bowls six bowls, the umpire declares the end of the 'over'; The fielding team rearranges itself, and a new bowler bowls from the opposite end of the pitch to the second batsmen.
The captain of the fielding team decides which bowler bowls a given over, and no bowler can bowl two consecutive overs.
Types of Cricket:
There are 3 main types of Cricket formats. Each form has several tournaments and trophies that countries around the world compete for. The 3 formats are:
- Test Cricket that takes up to 5 days to finish and has 90 overs and 2 turns per team.
- One Day Internationals (ODIs), that finish in one day and has 50 overs per team. When ODIs started in the 70s, they had 60 overs per team but eventually 50 overs seemed optimal.
- And, more recently, the very popular Twenty20 Internationals which as the name indicates has only 20 overs per team instead of the 50 overs in an ODI. The minimum number of overs in case of rain or other interruptions is just 5 overs per team! There are several leagues that has teams made up of players from across the globe. This fast paced game is played in under 3 hours and has become very popular since it was introduced in 2003.
umpire - moderator and enforces of the rules
pitch - 22 yard long rectangular strip at the centre of a cricket field